The EU’s Association Agreements and Deep and Comprehensive Free
Trade Areas (DCFTAs) with Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia

‘Understanding the Association Agreements (AAs) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas (DCFTAs) between the European Union and Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova’ (3 DCFTAs) is a three-year project funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). The project is led by the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) and conducted in partnership with the Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting (IER) in Kyiv, Expert-Grup in Chisinau and Reformatics in Tbilisi.

The texts of the AAs/DCFTAs are lengthy legal documents that are often difficult to read and understand. The short information documents published to date by the EU are simple public relations material. Knowledge of what the huge number of commitments really mean in legal and economic terms is fragmented accross different departments, even in the European Commission, as well as in the governments of the partner states, between lawyers and economists, and industry specialists. This  unsatisfactory state of affairs impedes judicious political prioritisation and action. It also encourages the emergence of potentially damaging illusions and populist arguments. The basic objective of ‘The Three DCFTAs’ project is therefore to enhance the understanding of the agreements and the implications of their implementation.