Fifteen years after the adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325, implementation of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda is far from ideal. The ongoing security crisis in Ukraine is a good example of how contemporary conflicts can heavily affect women and girls, without fully involving them in the management and resolution of the crisis. In order to support the analysis of the current gender policies in Ukraine and to promote a better inclusion of women in the peace-building process, the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and the Democracy Development Centre (DDC) collaborated in the organisation of a workshop focusing on “The Role of Women and Gender Policies in Addressing the Military Conflict in Ukraine” held in Kyiv on 21-22 September 2015. The initiative was funded by NATO’s Science for Peace and Security Programme in the broader framework of implementation of NATO’s Policy on WPS. This report provides a summary of the event and highlights the key points that emerged from the debate including the recommendations given by the experts. Report of the NATO advanced research workshop “The Role of Women and Gender Policies in Addressing the Military Conflict in Ukraine. Implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and Related Resolutions”, Kyiv, 21-22 September 2015.