Scenarios for a Wider Europe

Michael Emerson

This paper makes the case for enhancing the economic and political integration of the entire wider European space with the EU, involving all those neighbouring states willing to subscribe to EU standards while at the same time facilitating the EU’s further enlargement in due course. This would also amount to a consolidation of Europe’s values, and act as a strategic marker to rebut Russia’s efforts to undermine those values.

More specifically, the author advocates:

  • Upgrading the EU’s Association Agreements (AA) with East European states (Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine), with further content branded "AA+";
  • Replacing the European Neighbourhood Policy with a Wider Europe policy concept;
  • Continuing the development of a multi-speed Europe which, with other EU reforms, could facilitate further enlargement of the EU when the conditions are met.