This paper reviews the three Handbooks on the Association Agreement between Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, respectively. It examines the role of the Association Agreements in the Europeanisation of the three countries. The paper draws attention to the dual role of the Agreements, namely, as frameworks for both economic integration and modernisation. The paper analyses the content of the Handbooks and draws attention to the complex and varied nature of the legal commitments made by the association countries. In the final section, it focuses on the process of implementation of the Agreements and the considerable challenges this presents for the EU and the three countries in question.